Vacuum Extraction Delivery Errors

New Jersey Vacuum Delivery Error Lawyers

Birth Injury Attorneys in Passaic County, New Jersey

Pregnancies are highly variable, as are the deliveries that ultimately bring babies into the world. Each woman has a unique set of attributes and indicators that must be considered and taken into account as obstetricians and other medical professionals advise and make critical decisions in the best interests of their patients. Variables including age, weight, preexisting conditions such as diabetes or hypertension, and genetic predispositions can influence the mother and child before, during, and after birth. The progression of delivery is one such example of the extent to which pregnancies can range from woman to woman. For some, delivery is smooth sailing, with few complications and a short time frame from beginning to end. For others, delivery can span for hours, or even days, with significant difficulties.

In certain cases, a delivery’s failure to progress, the baby’s position, lack of oxygen, or other circumstances can pose a threat to the mother and child. At this point, an intervention such as a C-section or vacuum extraction may be necessary. Like all medical interventions, these procedures come with inherent risks. If a medical professional is negligent in performing such procedures, devastating consequences may result. At Fronzuto Law Group, our highly experienced pediatric and medical malpractice attorneys are dedicated to advocating for victims and families who suffer harm as a result of medical negligence. We have recovered millions of dollars in verdicts and settlements on behalf of mothers and infants with conditions ranging from newborn respiratory distress syndrome to epidural abscess and cord compression. To discuss your case with one of our knowledgeable lawyers today, contact our Passaic County, New Jersey offices at 973-435-4551 for a cost-free consultation.

Vacuum Extraction: The Basics

Vacuum extraction is a form of assisted delivery, also known as operative vaginal delivery. The use of forceps represents yet another type of assisted delivery, both of which involve the help of a physician to remove a baby from the birth canal. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, assisted delivery occurs in approximately 3 percent of vaginal deliveries in the United States. There are a number of circumstances that may lead a medical professional to recommend vacuum extraction as a form of assisted delivery, including:

  • If the baby is in an abnormal position
  • If the baby is suffering from inadequate oxygen
  • If the baby’s heart rate is abnormal
  • If the mother is exhausted from prolonged labor
  • If the mother has received an epidural and cannot push effectively
  • If the mother has a medical condition that raises the risk associated with pushing

If a doctor determines that vacuum extraction is the best option, he or she will use a vacuum extractor, which is a small suction cup that is applied to the top of the baby’s head. With suction provided by a vacuum pump that is attached via a tube, the doctor uses traction, along with the mother’s pushing, to gently pull the baby from the birth canal during a contraction.

The Risks of Vacuum Extraction Delivery

Under certain circumstances, vacuum extraction represents a desirable alternative to a cesarean section, which comes with the risks associated with major surgery. However, vacuum extractors have their own inherent risks, particularly when they are used inappropriately or incorrectly. For example, vacuum extraction is contraindicated in cases in which the baby is over-sized or the mother’s pelvis is too small to allow for a natural birth. Additionally, vacuum extractors should not be used in pregnancies at fewer than 34 weeks gestation. Further, if the baby’s head has not dropped down into the pelvis, or the mother’s cervix is not fully dilated, vacuum extraction is not recommended.

If vacuum extraction is considered a viable option, incorrect use of the device can also spell catastrophic consequences. Improper placement of the extractor on the baby’s head or improper technique in pulling the baby from the birth canal are two common delivery errors involving vacuum extraction.

Potential Consequences of Vacuum Extractor Errors

If medical professionals elect to use vacuum extraction under inappropriate circumstances, or improperly perform vacuum delivery, the results can be severe, if not fatal. Some of the most frequent complications resulting from vacuum extractor errors include:

Contact our Bergen County NJ Vacuum Extraction Injury Attorneys Today

If you or your baby has suffered an injury and you believe that a vacuum extraction error during delivery may be the cause, contact Fronzuto Law Group today at 973-435-4551 or toll free at 888-409-0816 for a cost-free consultation. One of our skilled birth injury lawyers will be happy to answer your questions and outline your available legal options.

Practice Areas

Our attorneys advocate for those who suffer injuries due to the negligence of physicians, nurses, other health care professionals, hospitals, and medical facilities.

Medical Malpractice

Our team addresses the most complex of pediatric malpractice cases, including rare conditions such as craniosynostosis and plagiocephaly.

Pediatric Malpractice

Our firm represents individuals who are injured by improperly designed and manufactured products, including pharmaceuticals and medical devices, auto products, and sporting equipment.


Our attorneys advocate for those who suffer injuries due to the negligence of physicians, nurses, other health care professionals, hospitals, and medical facilities.

Wrongful Death

If you or your child suffers from a birth injury, Fronzuto Law Group can help.

Birth Injuries

Recent BlogPosts

  • September, 2023

    Your Rights Amidst Cauda Equina Syndrome Negligence in New Jersey

    Experienced NJ Cauda Equina Syndrome Malpractice Attorneys Representing Victims and Families Cauda equina syndrome is a potentially paralyzing condition that can lead to life-long treatment. When the nerve endings at the base of the spine become impacted, an individual may experience bowel or bladder problems and numbness. And the longer the condition remains untreated, the […]

  • September, 2023

    New Study Reveals Implications of Diagnostic Errors and Misdiagnosis Among Americans

    A Recent Study by Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine Revealed that Almost 800,000 Individuals in the U.S. Experience Permanent Disabilities or Death due to Improper Diagnosis on an Annual Basis. According to a recent Johns Hopkins Armstrong Institute for Diagnostic Excellence study, roughly 795,000 Americans suffer permanent disability or death due to misdiagnoses, citing a misdiagnosis rate […]

  • September, 2023

    Who is Responsible for Defective Children’s Products in NJ?

    You carefully researched and tested all of the baby car seats before buying one, relying on brand recognition for safety, consumer reports, and recommendations from other parents. After all that precaution, you could never have predicted that your baby’s car seat would fail when you needed it most. The car seat was defective, and your […]


Free Case

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.